Overview:The European Spallation Source is one of the most forward-looking research facilities being built in Europe today. ESS will generate neutrons at an energy and quantity never seen before, by means of a proton accelerator terminating at a tungsten target. These neutrons, directed along various beam lines to perform selected imaging tasks and experiments, will be used to map the physical properties of materials at the atomic level. Shining this “light”, of sorts, at a magnitude 30 times that of existing neutron sources, ESS will provide the tools for analysis that scientists worldwide have been anticipating for 20 years. The next great discoveries in nanotechnology, life sciences, pharmaceuticals, materials engineering, and experimental physics will derive from research performed at ESS.
Incorporated into the rural landscape of southern Sweden, the construction of the various ESS buildings and facilities comprises one of the largest active infrastructure projects in Europe. The creative vision of the building envelope and grounds, developed by the Henning Larsen Architects-led design consortium, will be coupled to the innovative technical design of ESS's vast array of scientific machinery. The technical design work already represents one of the largest and broadest collaborations in Europe. The facility is expected to deliver its first neutrons in 2019 and be a major driver for innovation in science and industry in Europe and the region for generations.